ARTICLE 12 - ROAD ACCEPTANCE REGULATIONS
Before any way is accepted at any future Town Meeting as a public way, it must be laid out and constructed to the following specifications:
12.1 The right-of-way of any street shall not be less than fifty (50) feet.
12.2 Streets shall be cleared of stumps, roots, brush and all trees not intended for preservation. Loam and clay shall be removed from the full width of the street (gutter to gutter) to a depth of at least eighteen (18) inches or if necessary, in the opinion of the Public Works Director, at least twenty four (24) inches below the top of the proposed subgrade. The street shall then be graded to a subgrade of not less than twelve (12) inches in the roadbed and the entering driveways. The subgrade shall be carefully shaped and thoroughly compacted before the gravel is placed.
12.3 The roadbed shall be surfaced with gravel of uniform gradation approved by the Public Works Director. The binding material in the gravel shall be sufficient to insure satisfactory binding as approved by the Public Works Director. All gravel shall be thoroughly compacted. The compacted thickness of the roadbed shall be not less than twelve (12) inches and no less than twenty-four (24) feet in width. The roadbed shall have a compacted 3-4 inch cover layer 24’ wide of processed gravel (minimum of ¾”, maximum 1 ½”).
12.4 The road cover layer shall be permanently finished with a rolled blacktop surface (a minimum of 2” of rolled base with 1” of rolled surface) twenty (20) feet wide acceptable to the Public Works Director. The two foot shoulders shall be dressed to blacktop grade with compacted processed gravel. The crown shall be one-quarter (1/4) inch per foot. The road centerline shall be the centerline of the right-of-way.
12.5 The ditches and cross drainage shall be sufficient to prevent flooding and erosion. All work shall follow the standards in the Maine Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook for Construction: Best Management Practices (Cumberland County SWCD/Department of Environmental Protection). All work shall be satisfactory to the CEO, Selectmen and the Public Works Director.
12.6 Dead end roads shall have not less than 24 feet of unobstructed width, be able to withstand live loads of fire apparatus, have a minimum of 13' 6" of vertical clearance and otherwise comply with all construction standards in this article. An approved turnaround for fire apparatus shall be provided where an access road is a dead end and is in excess of 150 feet in length. The turnaround shall have a minimum centerline radius of 100 feet or a backing space of 60 feet shall be provided. The grade of the road shall be not more than 10%. Where a bridge is required to be used as access, it shall be constructed and maintained using live design loading sufficient to carry the imposed loads of fire apparatus.(6/97)
12.7 No street grade shall be less than five-tenths of a percent (0.5%) nor more than ten percent (10%). The grade within fifty (50) feet of intersections shall not be more than three percent (3%).
12.8 Street jog with centerline offsets of less than one hundred twenty five (125) feet shall be avoided.
12.9 Streets shall be laid out so as to intersect as nearly as possible at right angles and no street shall intersect any other street at less than sixty (60) degrees. The property line radius at intersections shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet.
12.10 Curves shall have a minimum centerline radius of one hundred (100) feet and reverse curves shall have a minimum of one hundred (100) feet of straight road at centerline between them. Slopes and curves shall be constructed so as to allow a line of sight-distance at the centerline of at least two hundred (200) feet at five (5) feet above the pavement.
12.11 All land damages must be waived in writing by the abutting landowners.
12.12 This Ordinance cancels and supersedes regulations adopted March 8, 1969.
12.13 Any way in existence prior to April 1, 1990 and referenced in the Buxton Road Book, published in April 1990, may be accepted at a Town Meeting as a public way, provided it meets all requirements of this article of the Buxton Zoning Ordinance and is not part of a subdivision approved after November 2, 1976, with the following exceptions:
12.13.A. The right-of-way width requirements of Section 12.1.
12.13.B. The paving requirements of Section 12.4.
12.13.C. The dead end road length requirements of Section 12.6, providing that the turn-around and backing space requirements of this section are adhered to.
12.13.D No road shall be accepted by the Town of Buxton, until after at least one winter season.
12.14 The proposal for acceptance must be accompanied by a written certification by a professional engineer, registered in the State of Maine, certifying that the proposed Town way meets or exceeds the design and construction standards set forth in this Ordinance. (amended 6/18/11)
12.15 The proposal for acceptance must be accompanied by one mylar and two sets of blueprints of as-built conditions, the plans conforming to the plan requirements and standards of Article 12, including the date that street construction was completed, including the dates that the base course and surface course of pavement was installed. (amended 6/18/11)
12.16 The accepted way must be deeded to the Town of Buxton within 30 days of acceptance. (amended 6/18/11)